Scroll to find the Manufacturer and Model type of the plane you want, or use these internal page links to go quickly to the Manufacturer you’re looking for :

(Please also refer to the notes and disclaimers at the bottom of this list.) If you want to know where the ‘best’ seats are on a plane, please refer to my three part series on this topic.



Aerospatiale
& Avions de Transport Régional (ATR)
  
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
ATR 42
ATR 42-500
AT4 AT52 turbo prop46 in 1 class 2 + 2328 
ATR 72AT72 turbo prop66 in 1 class 2 + 21318 322 

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Airbus (website)
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
A 220
A220-100
A220-300
 2 jet108-116 2 class, 135 max for -100
130-141 2 class, 160 max for -300
2 + 33400 (-100)
3700 (-300)
515 (Mach 0.78) cruise
540 (Mach 0.82) max
Formerly the Bombardier Cseries
First flight 9/2013
FCF 7/2016
A 300
A300-B2/B4
A300-600
AB3 AB4 AB5 AB6 ABB ABF ABX ABY2 jet200 in 3 classes
266 in 2 classes (26/240)
298-360 in coach
2 + 4 + 21675 – 3000 (-B)
4600 (-600)
530 – 550 (Mach 0.82)First flight -B2 Apr 1974; -600 Mar 1984
561 manufactured in total, last delivery in July 2007.
A 310
A310-200
A310-300
310 312 313 31F 31X 31Y2 jet169 in 3 classes
220 in 2 classes (28/212)
247 in coach
2 + 4 + 24050 (-200)
5000 – 6000 (-300)
555 (Mach 0.84)First flight 1982 (-200); 1985 (-300)
255 produced in total, ceased production in 2007
A 318318 32S2 jet107 in 2 classes (8/99)
117 in coach
3 + 32020-3725 (max load cf max pax)530 (Mach 0.82)First flight 1999
A 319319 32S2 jet124 in 2 classes (8/116)
134-142 in coach
3 + 32020-4373530 (Mach 0.82)First flight May 1996
A 320320 32S2 jet150 in 2 classes (12/138)
164-179 in coach
3 + 33050-3450530 (Mach 0.82)First flight -200 Apr 1988
A 320neo 2 jetsame as present models3 + 3  A re-engined series of A319, A320 and A321 planes.  Announced Dec 2010.
First commercial flight expected 2016.
Update Apr11 :  FCF now promised for October 2015. Actual FCF Jan 2016 with LH
A 321
A321-100
A321-200
321 32S2 jet185 in 2 classes (16/169)
199 in coach (32″ pitch)
220 in coach (“high density”)
3 + 32700-3450530 (Mach 0.82)First flight -100 Feb 94; -200 May 97
A 321XLR2 jet206 in 2 classes
240 in coach
3 + 35400520 (Mach 0.78) cruise, Mach 0.82 maxFirst flight 2023
A 330-200330 3322 jet253 in 3 classes (12/36/205)
293 in 2 classes (30/263)
380 coach class
2 + 4 + 27860565 (Mach 0.86)First flight April 1998
A 330-300330 3332 jet295 in 3 classes (12/42/241)
335 in 2 classes (30/305)
412 in coach
2 + 4 + 26620565 (Mach 0.86)First flight Jan 1994
A 340-200340 3424 jet239-261 in 3 classes (12/26/213)
300 in 2 classes (30/270)
360 in coach
2 + 4 + 29450565 (Mach 0.86)First flight Feb 93
No longer m’factured
A 340-300340 3434 jet295 in 3 classes (12/42/241)
335 in 2 classes (30/305)
2 + 4 + 2 8630565 (Mach 0.86)First flight Mar 93
A 340-500340 3454 jet313 in 3 classes (12/42/259)
359 in 2 classes (30/329
400+ in coach
2 + 4 + 2 10222565 (Mach 0.86)First flight 2002
A 340-600340 3464 jet380 in 3 classes (12/54/314)
419 in 2 classes (36/383)
500+ in coach
2 + 4 + 2 8860565 (Mach 0.86)First flight mid 2002 with Virgin Atlantic
A350 XWB
A 350-800 (largely moribund)
A 350-900
A 350-900ULR
A 350-1000

358  359  35K2 jetapprox 270 pax in 3 classes (-800)
approx 315 pax in 2 classes (-900)
approx 369 – 387 pax in 2 classes (-1000)
2 + 4 + 2
more recently becoming 3 + 3 + 3
9300 -900
11,150 -900ULR
9150 -1000
565 (Mach 0.86)New plane to counter Boeing’s 787.  Derivative of A330.  Announced in Dec 2004.
Approved for production Oct 2005. Revised in mid 2006 to a completely new design.  More design changes in 2007.
First commercial service expected in 2013.

Actual EIS Jan 2015.
A 380-800
Two decks of seating
A380-900
Note – please see our four page article on the A380 for a great deal more information, pictures, etc.

380 38F 3884 jet555 in 3 classes, 644 in 2
classes, up to 840 in coach!
AF config is up to 538 seats 9/80/449
EK config is 14/76/399 = 489 seats.  Will also have a med range 517 seat version and a 604 seat two class version
KE has 407 seats in three classes 12/94/301
LH has 526 seats 8/98/420
QF has 14/72/32/332 = 450 seats
SQ has 12/60/399 = 471 seats
New A380-900 would have held about 100 more pax
3 + 4 + 3 downstairs
2 + 4 + 2 upstairs

9200560 (Mach 0.86)First commercial flight with SQ, 25 Oct 2007.
A380-900 expected approx 2015, subsequently cancelled.
On Feb 2019, Airbus announced it was discontinuing the A380. Last planes probably to be produced in 2021.

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Antonov (website)
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
AN-74TK  
2 jet
52 (or 10 tonnes of cargo)   1700 435 freight/passenger dual mode plane
AN-148  
2 jet
68 – 2 class

75 (32″ pitch) – 80 (30″ pitch) in 1 class
2 + 3 1300, 2200, 2700 for -100A, -100B, -100E 500 – 540 first flown 2004
AN-158  
2 jet
99 2 + 3 1600 500 – 540 stretched version of the AN-148,  first flown 2010



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Beechcraft (manufactured by Raytheon Aircraft Company)
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
1900C BE1
2 turbo prop
19 1 + 1 700 266 long range cruise


302 high speed cruise

first flown 1982
1900D BE1
2 turbo prop
19
1 + 1


580

264 lrc


322 hsc

first flown 1985



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Boeing
(see also our feature Series on Boeing’s history and future)
(Boeing’s website)

Note – Boeing model numbers are in the format -nxx where n is a digit for the model series and xx is a two character code to indicate the airline that originally ordered the plane.  See
http://members.tripod.com/Craigs_Airlines/airlinenumber.htm for a list of codes.
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
707

707-100

707-300

707-400

720-020
707
703 70F 70M
4
jet
141
mixed class

179
in coach (-100)

165 in coach (720)

219 in coach (-300)


original design
for 3 + 2
actual 3 +
3

4000 – 6160

5400 (-100)

4230 (-300)

3850 (720)

607First commercial flight 20 Dec 1957 with Pan Am.
Production ceased in 1978.  855 707s and 154 planes were produced.
717

formerly MD95
7172
jet at rear
106
– 117
in two classes
2 +
3

1650 (Basic Gross Weight model)

2389 (High Gross Weight model)
512Derivation of MD90 series, inherited when Boeing bought MD.
First commercial flight in 1999 with AirTran.
Product line closed in 2006, with 155 planes produced.
727


727-100

727-200
727
721 722 72B 72C 72F 72M 72S
72X 72Y
3
jet

131 in coach (-100)


189 in coach (-200)

3 +
3

2300 (-100)

1800 (-200)

570
– 605
Engines at rear
First commercial flight 1 Feb 1964 with Eastern; -200 Dec 1967 with Northeast Airlines
Last m’factured in 1984. 1832 planes were produced, third best selling plane ever (737 is top with 5000+ as of Feb06, A320 is 2nd with 2653+ as of Feb06).
737-100 737 7312
jet
85 in three classes

99 in two classes
3 +
3
2160
575
First flew in 1967.  First commercial flight with Lufthansa on 10 Feb 1968.
Last m’factured in 1969.
737-200 737 732


73M 73X

2
jet
95 in two classes


130 coach class

3 +
3
2300
575
Produced between 1966 and 1988.
First flight with United, 28 April 1968.
1114 built in total. Replaced by 737-500.
737-300
737
733 73Y
2
jet
128 in two classes


149 coach class, 30″ pitch, or
140 with 32″ pitch

3 +
3
2595


495

(Mach 0.745)


First commercial flight Dec 1984.
1112 built in total.  Last m’factured in 1999. Replaced by 737-700.
737-400
737
734
2
jet
146 in two classes


168 coach class, 30″ pitch or
159 with 32″ pitch

3 +
3
2370


495

(Mach 0.745)


First commercial flight Sept 1988 by Piedmont.
486 built in total.  Last m’factured in 2000. Replaced by 737-800.
737-500
737
735
2
jet
110 in two classes


132-8 coach class, 30″ pitch, or
122 with 32″ pitch

3 +
3
2730


495

(Mach 0.745)


First commercial flight March 1990 by Southwest.
389 built in total.  Last m’factured in 1999. Replaced by 737-600.
737-600 737 7362
jet
110 in two classes


132 coach class

3 +
3
3510

530

(Mach 0.785)

First commercial flight 1st qtr 1988 by SAS.
737-700 737 73G 73W2
jet
126 in two classes


149 coach class

3 +
3
3752

530

(Mach 0.785)

First commercial flight Dec 1997 by Southwest.
737-800
737
738 73H
2
jet
162 in two classes


189 coach class

3 +
3
3383

530

(Mach 0.785)

First commercial flight Spring 1998 by Hapag-Lloyd.
737-900 737 7392
jet
177 in two classes


189 coach class

3 + 3 3159 530

(Mach 0.785)
First commercial flight May 2001.
737-900ER  2
jet
215
coach class
3 + 3 3200

530

(Mach 0.785)

Announced July 2005.  FCF 2007, Lion Air.
737-
new engines
To be called the 737-7, 737-8 and 737-9
 2
jet
 3 + 3  

 

Announced July 2011.  Few details yet
known.  First delivery 2017.
747-100

747-100B (higher payload)

747-100SR



all 747s are sometimes referred
to as ‘jumbo jets’


747 741 74T
4
jet
330 in 3 classes


385 in 2 classes


505 coach class


550 in 1 class (SR = short range
model)

3 + 4 + 3 5100567

(Mach 0.855)
Distinctive upper deck ‘hump’, but shorter hump than -300s and -400s
First ever flight on 9 Feb 1969, first commercial flight 21 Jan 1970 with Pan Am.
Last m’factured in 1986.
747-200

AirForce One is a 747-200

747-200F (freighter)

747-200C (‘Combi’ – both
freight and pax on main deck)

747-200M


747 742 74C 74U 74X
4
jet
330 in 3 classes


385-408 in 2 classes (48 + 360)


505 coach class

3 + 4 + 3 6865567

(Mach 0.855)
 

First commercial flight June 1971 with KLM.
393 built in total.  Last m’factured 1990.

747
SP

‘Special
Performance’ – longer range, faster, higher (45,000 ft) but smaller

747
74S 74L
4
jet
220 in 3 classes


280 in 2 classes


370 coach class

3 + 4 + 3 8200 (10,200 max) 610Distinctive upper deck ‘hump’, but shorter hump than other models
First commercial flight 25 April 1976 with Pan Am.
44 built in total.  Last m’factured 1989.
747-300
747
743 74D 74U
4
jet


420-422 in 2 classes (50-52 + 370)

3 + 4 + 3 7120567

(Mach 0.855)
Extended upper deck ‘hump’


First commercial flight March 1983 with Swissair.


81 built in total.  Last
m’factured 1990.

747-400

first version to have
vertical wingtips

747
744 74E 74J 74R 74Y
4
jet

358-416
in 3 classes (eg 14/79/265, 14/65/315)


480 – 524 in 2
classes (eg 28/452)

568 in 1 class
(‘Domestic’)

3 + 4 + 3 7260-7890 (Boeing and Qantas’s
figures, respectively)
567

(Mach 0.855)
Extended upper deck ‘hump’


First commercial flight Feb 1989 with Northwest.

747-400ER
747
744
4
jet

358-416
in 3 classes

524 in 2
classes

3 + 4 + 3 7670-8060 (Boeing and Qantas’s
figures, respectively)
567

(Mach 0.855)
Extended upper deck ‘hump’


First commercial flight Nov 2002 with Qantas.

747-8
747-8F
747-8I
 4 jet 51 more seats, accommodating up
to 467 in 3 classes
3 + 4 + 3 over 8800560

(Mach 0.85)
FCF of -8F Cargolux, Oct 2011, -8I LH June 2012

757

757-200

757-200PF

757-200M

757-200ER

757-300
752
753
757 75F 75M
2
jet

-200

178
– 208 in 2 classes, 214-239 in 1 class

-300

240 in 2 classes, 289 in 1 class
3 + 3
3400-3900
530

(Mach 0.8)
First flight 1 Jan 1983 with Eastern Airlines.
Production ceased in 2004, last plane delivered April05.  Over 1000 produced.
767

767-200

767-200ER

767-300ER

767-400ER
762
763 764 767 76F 76X 76Y
2
jet
-200ER
181/224/255-290 in 3/2/1 classes (15/40/126 or 18/206)

-300ER 218/269/351 in 3/2/1 classes (18/46/154 or 24/245)

-400ER 245/304/375 in 3/2/1 classes (20/50/175)
2 + 3 + 2
5600 -200 (?)

7600 -200ER


7030 -300ER


6500 -400ER

530

(Mach 0.8)
First flight 8 Aug 1982 with United Airlines.
-200 ceased production in 1994
777


777-200
777-200ER
777-200LR

777-300
777-300ER


777-X ie
777-8
777-9

777
772 773 77W 77L
2
jet
368
in 3 classes

451 in 2
classes

407-425 in 3 classes for
777-9

2 + 5 + 2 (most airlines)3 + 3 + 3 (BA)
5955

10,800 -200LR with full load

557First flight 1995 with United Airlines
On 10Nov05, a -200LR flew 13,422 miles HKG-LON, setting a new world record for a nonstop commercial jet flight.
777-8 EIS in 2020
787-3

(formerly known as 7E7)
  2
jet
217 in 3 classes


289 in 2 classes

2 aisles
226″ cross-section
3500 about 560

(Mach 0.85)
Ooops.  Cancelled in Dec 2010.
‘Dreamliner’

787-8
 2
jet
217 in 3 classes


289 in 2 classes


typical max 359


exit limit 381

2 aisles
226″ cross-section
8450 about 560

(Mach 0.85)
First flight probably in 2007.  Enter commercial service in about 2008.
Hmmm – would you believe first flight in 2009 and in service in 2010?
Further update (Jul 09) – now anticipating first flight in early 2010
(Oct 09) first commercial flight at the end of 2010?
(Dec 10)  Would you believe, maybe the middle of 2011?
Actual EIS Oct 2011

787-9 2
jet
257 in 3 classes, 8-across
seating

280 in 3 classes, 9-across
seating

max 406
exit limit
420

2 aisles
226″ cross-section
Initially planned for eight across seating, now may be nine across
8800 about 560

(Mach 0.85)
proposed new model, possibly entering service in 2012 (or later….)
Now expected some time in 2013.
Actual EIS Aug 2014
787-10 2
jet
330 in two classes

max 440
exit
limit 440
2 aisles
226″ cross-section
Initially planned for eight across seating, now may be nine across
7400 about 560

(Mach 0.85)
program launched June 2013
first flight March 2017

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British Aerospace / BAC
     
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
BAC 1-11 B11 B12 B13 B14 B152
jet at rear
79 – 89 
1440
495First commercial flight in 1965.
230/244 built (different numbers from different sources).
Production ceased in 1977 or perhaps 1982, and then continued until 1989 in Romania.
BAE
146
renamed Avro 85 series in mid 1990s
141 142
143 146 14F 14X 14Y 14Z
4
jet
86 – 1002 + 3  390 146s and Avro RJs built.
Production ceased in 2003.

Jetstream 31
J31 JST2
prop
19  735 300 

Jetstream 41
J41
JST
2
prop
291 +
2

680 –
1000 – 1500
300
– 335
evolved from Jetstream 31/32

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BAE/Aerospatiale
     
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments

Concorde
SSC4
in two nacelles
100
all first class
2 +
2

3690 as originally built

4300-4500 currently after ongoing improvements
1350
First commercial flight 1976

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AVIC I/
China Aviation Industry I
     
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Xiangfeng
(Flying Phoenix) ARJ21-700
 2 jet70 – 85 in 1 or
2 classes
2 + 31380 – 2300
(extended range version)
595Roll out in Dec
07

Larger model with 90 – 150 pax
capacity also planned in partnership with Bombardier


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Commercial Aircraft Corp of China/Comac     
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Comac 919 2 jet 130 – 200, typically 150 or 168
3 + 3
   Planned for first flight 2014, first
commercial flight 2016

Competitor to
B737 and A320 series, claimed to be 15% more fuel efficient (in 2009)


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Convair
     
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
CV-240 
2 turbo prop
56 ? 2 + 2 1100 ? 350 First flight 1947, FCF 1948 with AA. 1181
built (possibly including 340 and 440 models)
CV-340 
2 turbo prop
56 ? (4 seats more than the 240) 2 + 2 1100 ? 350 
CV-440 
2 turbo prop
56 ? 2 + 2 1100 ? 355 
CV-880 
4 jet
88 – 1102 + 3 2850 – 3180 max 600 max First flight 1959, FCF 1960, only 65 built
CV-990 4 jet96 – 1212 + 3less than 4700615 max

570 cruise Mach 0.91)

(yes, very
fast – a ‘trans-sonic’ plane

First flight
1961, only 35 built, last commercial flight in 1987

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de Havilland
   
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments

Comet

(DH106)

Comet 1

Comet 1A

Comet 2

Comet 3

Comet 4

Comet 4B

Comet 4C

Early Comets suffered
repeated crashes due to metal fatigue.  Later ones were reliable.

 4
jet in wing pods

36-79 in 3 classes

36
in -1

44 in -1A, -2

58 in -3, -4

71 in -4B

79 in -4C


Up to 119 in coach (-4B/C)

3 +
2

1500 (-1)

1770 (-1A)

2525 (-2)

2700 (-3)

3225 (-4)

2500 (-4B)

4300 (-4C)
450
(-1)

480 (-2)

500 (-3, -4, -4C)

530 (-4B)

First ever passenger jet.  First test flight of prototype on 27 Jul
1949.

First commercial
flight with BOAC (now BA) on 2 May 1952 between London and Johannesburg.


Comet -2 and -3 never in
commercial use.  -4 first delivered in Sep 58, -4B in Nov 59 and -4C in
Jan 60.


113 built.  Production
ceased in 1960/61.


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de Havilland Canada (now Bombardier)
   
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Dash 7 DH7
4
turboprop
50  795 260 First flight 1978. 
Production ended 1988.  114 sold.
Dash 8 – renamed Q series in 1996
Series 100
DH1 DH82
turboprop
37 – 39 2 + 2 1175 310
First flight 1984.  298 delivered.  Product now ended.
Q-200 DH2 DH82
turboprop
37 – 39 2 + 2 1065 335
First commercial flight 1995.
Q-300 DH3 DH82
turboprop

50 – 56
2 + 2 1260330
First commercial flight 1989.
Q-400DH4 DH82
turboprop

70 – 78

2 + 21566415 (Mach 0.58)
First flight 1999.
DHC6 Twin OtterDHT2
turboprop
19  90 –
175

STOL.

Last produced in 1998.  844 produced in total.

Now revived by Viking Air and back in production.
‘Cseries’
CS100

now the Airbus A220 series – see above
 2
jet
108 two class
133 all coach
2 + 3 3570Mach 0.78 (515 mph) cruise


Mach 0.82 (541 mph) max cruise

This new series was announced in 2004, authority to offer granted in Mar
2005, and formal launch decision expected later in 2005.  First flight
scheduled for 2008, and first commercial flight 2010.  Subsequently
cancelled in 2005, restarted in 2007, first flight now expected in 2012.

Actual first flight Sept 2013.
EIS July 2016 for CS100, Dec 2016 for
CS300.
‘Cseries’
CS130

now renamed CS300
now the Airbus A220 series – see above

 2
jet
130 two
class
160 all coach
2 + 33800Mach 0.78 (515 mph) cruise


Mach 0.82 (541 mph) max cruise

CS500
– proposed larger plane not commenced

 2
jet
about 160 two class2 + 3probably about 3800Mach 0.78 (515 mph) cruise


Mach 0.82 (541 mph) max cruise

2017 = being discussed; possible launch in 2021, EIS 2024
.

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Canadair (This is one of Bombardier’s brand names)
 
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
CRJ100 CRJ CR12
jet at rear
50 2 + 2 1130 488 First flight 1991, first commcl
flight with LH in 92
CRJ200
CRJ200ER
CRJ200LR
CRJ CR22
jet at rear
502 +
2
1135

1900ER

2300LR
535 ‘launched’ in 1996
CRJ700
CRJ705
CRJ CR72
jet at rear

64 – 70 in 700

74
(9 + 65) in 705

2 + 2 2300 Mach 0.825 First flight
1999, first comm flight 2001
CRJ900CRJ
CR9
2
jet at rear
86 with 31″
pitch
2 +
2

2050
Mach
0.83
First
commercial flight with Mesa Airlines, 2003
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Embraer (website)
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
120 Brasilia EM22
turboprop
301 +
2
900350 First flight 1983
ERJ 135ER3
ERJ
2
jet at rear
371 +
2

1500
520 
ERJ 145ER4
ERJ
2
jet at rear
501 +
2
1800 520
First flight 1996
170 EMJ E70
2 jet on wings
66 (6 + 60) in 2 classes, 36″/31″ pitch

70 seats at 32″ pitch, 74 at 31″ pitch, 78 at 30″ in one class

2 +
2
2100 540 First flight 2002, First commercial flight
2004
175 
2 jet on wings
78 seats at 32″ pitch, 86 at 31″ pitch
2 +
2
2075 Mach 0.82 First flight 2004, First commercial flight
July 05, Air Canada
190 EMJ E902
jet on wings
96 (8 + 86) in 2
classes, 38″/31″ pitch

98 seats at 32″ pitch, 102 at 31″ pitch, 108 at 30″ in one class
2 +
2
2300 540
First flight 2004

JetBlue will be
launch customer in 2005
195 2
jet on wings
106 (8 + 96) in 2
classes, 38″/31″ pitch

108 seats at 32″ pitch, 118 at 31″ pitch
2 +
2
2075 Mach 0.82First flight
2004

Swiss will be
launch customer

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Fairchild
       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Merlin  2
turboprop
8 (Model IIB)

11 (Model III)
1 + 1 1750 (IIB)

2200 (III)
290 (IIB)

340 (III)

First flight 1965, production ceased 1987, 222 built
Metroliner 2
turboprop
19 1 + 1 650 – 1310 275 – 290

335 (Model 23)
Successor to Merlin.

Produced 1968 – 2001, 600+ built

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Fokker
       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
F27 Friendship F272
turboprop
40
– 48 in 1 class
2 +
2

1000
265
First flight 1956
F28 FellowshipF28
F21 F22 F23 F24
2
jet at rear
85 
1000
525 
F50F502
turboprop
50 in 1 class2 +
2
980 300 – 320 
F70F702
jet at rear
67-85 in 1 class  525 
F1001002
jet at rear

107-122 in 1 class
2 + 3
1520 – 1825
525
First flight 1988.  Production ceased 1997.

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Ilyushin
       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
IL-62IL6
jet at rear
126
in 3 classes
3 +
3

6400
560
First flight 1967
IL-76IL7      
IL-86ILW4
jet
309
in 3 classes

350 in 1
class

3 +
3 + 3

2000
560
first test flight 1976, first commercial flight 1980
IL-96

IL96-300

IL96M

IL96-400
I93 I9F I9M I9X I9Y4
jet
237/246/300
(IL96-300)

312/335/375 in 3/2/1 classes (IL96M – 18/44/250)

315 – 386 in 3/1 classes (-400)
3 +
3 + 3

6250
562
first flights 1993 (-300); 1998 (-M); proj 2003 (-400)
IL-114
IL-114T
IL-114P
IL-114FK
I14 2 turbo prop 64 in 1 class
-T variant is a freighter

-P maritime patrol

-FK proposed elint and cartography
2 + 2 630 (?) 294 First test
flight 1990, certified by Russian authorities in 1997
IL-144 I14     Doesnt exist, as
far as I can tell

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Irkut
(Russian manufacturer)
    
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
MS-21 or MC-21

MC-21-300
MC-21-200

MC21-100 proposed, cancelled
 2
jet on wings
three models
planned in 2009 with 150, 181 and 212 pax in a single class for -200, -300 and -400
models
Current versions
132 in two classes or 165 in one class for
-200
163 in two classes or 211 in one class for -300
3 + 34030 miles
for -200

3680 miles for -300
 
First flight planned for 2014, Russian certification in 2015, European
approval and commercial flight 2016 (these projections in mid 2010)

Actual first flight May 2017, FCF planned for 2019

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Lockheed
       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
L49 Constellation
C-69 military
L1049 Super Constellation
(WV-3 and WC-121N in Navy)
L1649A Starliner
L49 4 prop 54 on L49


109 max on L1049

2 + 2 2400 on L49


4940 max payload Starliner

324 max on L49


405

First flight C-69 in 1943


First flight L49 1946 with Pan Am and TWA


First flight 1949 for L1049


856 produced.


Production ceased late 1950s

L188 Electra LOE LOF LOM 4 turbo prop 66 – 80 standard


98 ‘high density’

  2200
405

First flight 1958

At least 170 built

L1011 Tri-Star
L1011-1
L1011-100
L1011-200
L1011-250
L1011-500 (The last passenger jet from
Lockheed.)
L10
L11 L15 L1F
3
jet
190
in 3 classes


260 in 2 classes


350 in coach

2 +
5 + 2

3390 (-1)

3975 (-100)

4125 (-200)

5400 (-250)

6150 (-500)
575
First flight -1 in Apr 1972,  -200 in 1977, -500 in May 1979.


250 produced.  Production ceased 1984.


Now
rarely seen


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McDonnell Douglas(now merged with Boeing)
Interesting trivia :  KLM is the only airline to have operated all the DC aircraft, from DC2 – DC11.
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
DC-3
C-47 Airforce version
R4D Navy version
DC3
D3F
2
prop
21 – 282 +
2
1500 – 2135 (max fuel) 150 – 207
first flight Dec 17 1935.


12700 built by end of WW2

DC-4 DC4 4 prop     
DC-5
C-110 military version
DC5 2 prop16
– 22
  1500 – 1600 203 – 211
first flight 1939

only
16 built

DC-6
C-118 military version
DC6 D6F
4
prop
48 – 52 standard


86 ‘high density’

  3005 (max payload)


4720 (max fuel)

315 First flight April 1947 with American.


704 produced prior to end
of production in 1959.

DC-7
DC-7B
DC-7C
DC-7F (converted to freighter)
DC7 4 prop95
(DC7/D7B)

104 (DC7C)

2 + 34605
(max payload -7C)
355 First flight 18 May 1953.


120 DC7, 97 -7B and 121
-7C produced.


Production ceased in
1958.

DC8DC8 D8F D8L D8M
D8Q D8T D8X D8Y
4
jet
258 
4500
570First flight in 1957.
Production ceased in 1972.  556 were produced.
DC9-10DC9
D9S D91 D9F D9X
2
jet at rear
78 in 2 classes


90 in coach

2 +
3
750500-560First flight 1966.
DC9-20DC9
D9S D92
2
jet at rear
78 in 2 classes


90 in coach

2 +
3
 500-560First flight 1968.
DC9-30DC9
D9S D93 D9C
2
jet at rear
100 in 2 classes


115 in coach

2 +
3
1200500-560First flight 1967.
DC9-40DC9
D9S D94 D9F
2
jet at rear
110 in 2 classes


125 in coach

2 +
3
 500-560First flight 1968.
DC9-50DC9
D9S D95
2
jet at rear
122 in 2 classes


139 in coach

2 +
3
1875500-560First flight 1975.
Production ceased in 1982.
DC10
DC10-10
DC10-15
DC10-30
DC10-40
D10
D11 D1C D1F D1M D1X D1Y
3
jet
194
in 3 classes

250
in 2 classes


380 in 1
class

2 +
5 + 2

3790 (-10)

4350 (-15)

5850 (-30)

5750 (-40)
600First flight Aug 1971.
Production ceased 1989.
MD81
generic series name was MD80
first was originally known as DC9 Super 81
M80
M81
2
jet at rear
142 in 2 classes


172 in coach

2 +
3
1875504First flight 1980.
MD82M80
M82
2
jet at rear
142 in 2 classes


172 in coach

2 +
3
2350504First flight 1981.
MD83M80
M83
2
jet at rear
142 in 2 classes


172 in coach

2 +
3
2900504First flight 1985.
MD87M80
M87
2
jet at rear
107 in 2 classes


139 in coach

2 +
3
2725 – 3300504First flight 1987.
MD88M80
M88
2
jet at rear
142 in 2 classes


172 in coach

2 +
3
2350504First flight 1987.
Series production ended 1999.
MD90 M902
jet at rear
153
in 2 classes

178 in
coach

2 +
3

2375 – 3200
504First flight 1995.
MD11
MD11ER
M11
M1F M1M
3
jet
233
in 3 classes

285-300
in 3 classes


410 coach
class

2 +
5 + 2

7630 – 8225
585Updated DC10
First flight 1991.  Production ceased 2001

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Mitsubishi
       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
MRJ
MRJ70
MRJ90
MRJ100 (proposed)
 2
jet
69 2 class, 80 all coach for -70

81
2-class, 92 all coach for -90
2 + 2 920 (std range version)

1600 (ER) (est)


2340 (LR
Mach 0.78
515 mph
First flight proj Q2 2012
actual first flight Nov 2015. First deliveries proj 2014.  Now proj 2020.
Launch order of 15 plus 10 options from ANA Mar08

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Saab
       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Saab (Fairchild) 340
340B

SF32 turboprop30 – 351 + 2900 – 1500 (long range series)300 – 325First flight 1984.
Ceased production 1998.  Over 454 sold.
Saab 2000 S202 turboprop501 + 2 over 400First flight 1992.
Ceased production 1998.  Over 60 sold.

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Sud Aviation       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Caravelle  2 jet80 in earlier models
105 in model 10B
140 in model 12
3 + 2 (very narrow seats)
or 2 + 2
1060500 mph max speedFF May 1955, FCF April 1959 with SAS.
Ceased production 1972.
Retired 2005.
282 produced.

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Sukhoi       
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Superjet 100  2 jet87 in two classes
98 in one class
108 in one class
‘dense’
3 + 22180
3275 LR
Mach 0.78 511 mph standard
cruise
Mach 0.81 541 mph max cruise
First flight Sept 07 (or maybe May 08).
FCF April 2011.
Superjet 130  2 jet120 in two classes
130 in one class
145 in one class ‘dense’
3 + 2  FCF proposed for 2020.
We estimate (July 2017) this to be optimistic.
As of June 2019, it seems it may have been cancelled.

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Tupolev
      
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
TU-134TU32 jet at rear68 in 2 classes

76 (Tu-134A)

2 + 21500540first flight 1967.  852 aircraft in total were produced.
TU-144 4 jet in 2 nacelles1402 + 1 in F
3 + 2 in Y
41001550the ‘Concordeski’
A prototype crashed at the Paris Air Show in 1973.  Placed into service as mail planes in 1975.
16 planes in total were constructed.  A 17th was not completed.
TU-154 TU53 jet at rear132 in 3 classes

164-180 (TU-154M)

3 + 32400560First flight 1972.
Production ceased in 1996 after more than 900 aircraft were produced.
TU-204 T202 jet on wings190 – 2143 + 32500515-530First flight 1997
TU-214
also known as TU-204-200
T202 jet on wings190 – 2143 + 3greater than 2500515-530Built in Kazan rather than Ulyanovsk to get the TU-214 designator.
As of June07 10 in service and 14 on order.
Update June 2019 – We’re not sure of the source for 10 in service. Now only 3 in service.
TU-334 2 jet at rear 102 (-100)
126 (-200)

in one class

3 + 31960510First test flight 1999. Two test planes built.
Despite claiming 350+ orders received, no more built and program cancelled 2009.

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Vickers
      
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Viscount VCV4 turboprop48-53 in 1 class (-700)
75 (-800)
2 + 2 or 2+31000 – 1750310 – 334First flight in 1950.
445 built, last delivered in 1964.
Vanguard  4 turboprop127 (18 first and 109 coach class)
135 all coach
 1830425 maxSuccessor to the Viscount. 
First flight in 1959.  43 built.
VC-10 4 jet at rear109 – 139 in 2 classes
150 in 1 class
3 + 33900 – 5050581A successor to the Comet.  First flight 1962.
54 built.

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Yakovlev (website)
    
ModelAbbrevEnginesApprox Pax CapacityCoach SeatingRange (in statutory miles)Cruise Speed (mph)Comments
Yak-42YK23 at rear90-1203 + 31200 (max
payload)

2485 (max fuel)

510First flight in 1975, in service from 1980.
Approx 180 planes built by 2000.  Intended as a replacement to the Tu-134.
        

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Notes

  • This is a summary list rather than a detailed list. One airplane type may have many different variants (eg the 737 with more than ten different variants, over a 50 year life (so far!), and with passenger capacities ranging from about 100 – 200), plus may be outfitted with different types of seating, different engines, etc, and so all information should be considered as very general only.
  • If you have specific questions about a specific plane, call the airline that is operating exactly the plane you want to know more about.
  • It is close to impossible to advise where the best seats are on a plane, or which seats are exit rows, etc. The reason for this is because, within a single plane type, there are many different configurations, and different airlines number their rows differently as well (not all planes simply have rows numbered from 1 to the end consecutively!). Row numbering and layout is not even consistent within a single airline! But for general suggestions on seat comfort and location issues, our three part series on this topic is helpful reading.
  • It is similarly difficult to quote exact seating capacities of planes, especially in two or three class planes, due to varying seat pitch and mix of first/business/coach seating. The more first and business class seats in a plane, the lower the total seating capacity because a first/business class seat takes up more space than a coach class seat.
  • Range data (and note we use regular ‘statutory’ miles of 5280 feet, not nautical miles of 6076 ft) is as quoted by various sources. Note that an airplane’s max range can vary enormously depending in whether it has a maximum payload (and reduced fuel) or maximum fuel (and reduced payload) and what provisions are included for safety margins (ie spare fuel) so these numbers are not necessarily very consistent.
  • Speed data can also vary. Speeds quoted are ‘cruising’ not maximum speeds. There can also sometimes be quoted a ‘max cruise’ and a ‘economical cruise’ figure which may be different. And speeds can also vary, depending on the altitude the aircraft is at – for example, the same ‘Mach’ number (fraction of the speed of sound) translates to a different speed at different heights.
  • First flight data generally records the first commercial flight rather than first prototype flight, which may be one, two, three or even more years earlier.
  • EIS = Entry into service, sometimes also considered FCF – first commercial flight
  • If you notice any errors, can provide extra data, or want other planes added, please let me know. I truly want to make this as comprehensive and useful as possible.
  • Oh, and if your interest in an airplane is not just academic, but if you’re planning a future trip, the chances are you’re going to be using the internet for that, too. Our travel planning and assistance section has lots more helpful information.
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